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断桥铝门窗设备铣刀的使用要点!

来源:http://www.tianxincnc.cn/ 发布时间:2022-03-15
一:作业环境
1: Working environment
设备需安装防护罩,防止因锯片、碎片飞散造成人身伤害和财产损失。
The equipment shall be equipped with protective cover to prevent personal injury and property loss caused by saw blade and debris flying.
作业场所应远离易燃易爆品。
The workplace should be away from inflammables and explosives.
二:服装、防护用具
2: Clothing and protective equipment
作业者必须佩带保护眼镜、工作帽,防止造成人身伤害。
Operators must wear protective glasses and work caps to prevent personal injury.
作业者必须穿戴整齐工作服和工作鞋才能作业,不能戴手套,且长发要安置于工作帽内,以防发生危险。
The operator must wear the work clothes and work cap in order to prevent danger, and the operator must wear long hair and work gloves.
三:使用前注意
3: Attention before use
确认设备是否良好,主轴精度,轴心公差H7。
Confirm whether the equipment is in good condition, spindle accuracy and axis tolerance H7.
检查铣刀有无缺损、脱落、异常磨损、板体有无弯曲、扭曲、裂痕等异常现场。
Check whether the milling cutter has defects, falls off, abnormal wear, and whether the plate body has bending, distortion, cracks and other abnormal sites.
确认所选铣刀是否合适切削材料,如选择错误,可能造成铣刀破损、发生人身伤害。
Confirm whether the selected milling cutter is suitable for cutting materials. If the selection is wrong, the milling cutter may be damaged and personal injury may occur.
四:铣刀的安装
4: Installation of milling cutter
保证铣刀与法兰的洁净。法兰直径在锯片的直径1/3-1/4之间。
Ensure the cleanness of milling cutter and flange. The flange diameter is between 1 / 3-1 / 4 of the diameter of the saw blade.
保证铣刀按正确的回转方向安装,回转不正确会造成铣刀刀头损坏及人身伤害事故。
Ensure that the milling cutter is installed in the correct rotation direction. Incorrect rotation will cause damage to the milling cutter head and personal injury.
保证所选的铣刀中孔与主轴的轴心要一致,无间隙安装好法兰盘,拧紧螺母。
Ensure that the middle hole of the selected milling cutter is consistent with the axis of the main shaft without clearance, install the flange and tighten the nut.
作业前,确认前方无人,然后空转,检查设备有无振动,检查铣刀有无横向摆动和径向跳动等异常现象。
Before operation, confirm that there is no one in front, then idle, check the equipment for vibration, and check the milling cutter for abnormal phenomena such as lateral swing and radial runout.
五:铣刀使用中
5: Milling cutter in use
铣刀不能用来作规定用途之外的工作,否则会影响使用效果,出现铣刀破损等异常现象。
The milling cutter cannot be used for work other than the specified purpose, otherwise it will affect the use effect and cause abnormal phenomena such as milling cutter damage.
铣刀使用时被切的工件需固定,以免造成异常切入,从而导致铣刀破损,碎片飞散发生人身伤害和财产损失。
When the milling cutter is used, the workpiece to be cut shall be fixed to avoid abnormal cutting, resulting in damage of the milling cutter, flying debris, personal injury and property loss.
铣刀切割时必须直线送料,不得将材料强行推入,否则会因送料过度而发生铣刀损坏,碎片飞散,发生人身伤害和财产损失。
The milling cutter must be fed in a straight line when cutting, and the materials shall not be pushed in forcibly, otherwise the milling cutter will be damaged, fragments will fly away, personal injury and property loss will occur due to excessive feeding.
断桥铝门窗加工设备
铣刀在切割时确认被切工件无钢材等异物,否则会损坏铣刀。
When cutting, the milling cutter shall confirm that the workpiece to be cut is free of steel and other foreign matters, otherwise the milling cutter will be damaged.
铣刀在切割时如有异常振动,切割面粗糙或弯曲时,必须停止操作检查设备及时排除故障。
If the milling cutter has abnormal vibration during cutting, and the cutting surface is rough or bent, the operation must be stopped, and the equipment must be inspected to eliminate the fault in time.
六:气源对切割得影响
6: Influence of air source on cutting
出厂时一般对气的压力不低于6公斤,但很多终端用户都忽视了这一点,其原因是多个设备同用一个气源,真正反应到设备上气压不足6公斤,有时甚至不足4公斤,这样在切割过程中被切割的型材会松动从而导致崩料,有的甚至将刀头崩掉,因此在使用铣刀以前,一定先检查气源压力是否达到6公斤以上。
When leaving the factory, the air pressure is generally not less than 6kg, but many end users ignore this point. The reason is that multiple equipment use the same air source, which really reflects that the air pressure on the equipment is less than 6kg, sometimes even less than 4kg. In this way, the profile cut in the cutting process will loosen, resulting in material collapse, and some even collapse the cutter head. Therefore, before using the milling cutter, Be sure to check whether the air supply pressure reaches more than 6kg.
七:进给速度对铣刀的影响
7: Influence of feed rate on milling cutter
铣刀进给速度不仅影响铣刀的使用寿命而且直接影响被切割型材的光洁度和切割质量,现在一般出厂设计的进给速度最快为每分6米,但门窗厂在实际操作时都不会超过4米大部分都在每分3米以下,他们认为进给速度越慢切出来的光洁度越高,实际上是一个误区,其原因是大部分人认为进给速度快容易崩齿再就是怕电机功率达不到,这种认为是错误的,曾经做过实验,同一台设备进给速度每分不低于5米的与每分3米的相比,切出来的光洁度完全是不一样的,同样的电机,同样的锯片,因此,我们建议将锯片进给速度调至4-5米为宜,之所以这样做。;
The feed speed of the milling cutter not only affects the service life of the milling cutter, but also directly affects the finish and cutting quality of the cut profile. At present, the fastest feed speed designed by the factory is 6 meters per minute, but the actual operation of the door and window factory will not exceed 4 meters, most of them are below 3 meters per minute. They think that the slower the feed speed is, the higher the finish is cut, which is actually a misunderstanding, The reason is that most people think that the feed speed is fast and easy to break teeth, and they are afraid that the motor power can not be reached. This view is wrong. Experiments have been done. For the same equipment with a feed speed of no less than 5m per minute, compared with 3M per minute, the cut finish is completely different. For the same motor and the same saw blade, therefore, We suggest that the feed speed of the saw blade should be adjusted to 4-5m, which is why we do so.;
其原因是:1.进给速度慢会产生的热量大,尤其是断桥铝,热量大会使隔热层的呢绒66融化,而融化后它会浮着在锯齿上一层塑料膜,这样很快会使锯齿的主刀刃产生负刃,在切割时就会使型材起毛刺;2.进给速度慢工作效率低;3.加快进给速度能提高工作效率,而主要是延长锯片使用寿命。
The reasons are: 1 Slow feed speed will generate large amount of heat, especially broken bridge aluminum. The heat will melt the woolen 66 of the thermal insulation layer, and after melting, it will float a layer of plastic film on the sawtooth, which will soon produce a negative edge on the main blade of the sawtooth and Burr the profile during cutting; 2. Slow feed speed and low working efficiency; 3. Speeding up the feed speed can improve the work efficiency, mainly to prolong the service life of the saw blade.
八:正确使用冷却液
8: Correct use of coolant
用水做冷却液,这种做法不科学,原因是水只能起到短暂的冷却而起不到润滑作用,并在短时间内会生锈,不仅起不到润滑作用反而缩短了锯片的使用寿命。
Using water as coolant is unscientific, because water can only cool for a short time, but can not lubricate, and will rust in a short time, which not only can not lubricate, but also shortens the service life of the saw blade.
用皂化液做冷却,这种做法成本低,但效果不佳,有时会使铝屑粘接在锯片的两侧和锯齿上,正因如此有时会产生糊锯因此降低了锯片的使用寿命。
The method of cooling with saponification liquid has low cost, but the effect is poor. Sometimes aluminum chips will be bonded to both sides and sawteeth of the saw blade. Because of this, sometimes paste saws will occur, which reduces the service life of the saw blade.
用柴油、煤油做冷却液,这种做法与使用纯进口冷却液相比成本较低,但是效果比前两种有很大提高,但在切割过程中由于产生热量较大会产生很大的烟雾给操作者带来诸多不便。
Using diesel oil and kerosene as coolant has lower cost than using pure imported coolant, but the effect is much better than the first two. However, due to the large amount of heat generated in the cutting process, it will produce a lot of smoke, which will bring a lot of inconvenience to the operator.
建议用切削专用冷却液,特点是无烟、无毒、无味,既能起到冷却作用同时也起到润滑作用,使用锯片寿命延长三分之一。
It is recommended to use special coolant for cutting, which is smokeless, non-toxic and tasteless. It can not only cool but also lubricate, and prolong the service life of the saw blade by one third.
九:铣刀的储放与刃磨
9: Storage and grinding of milling cutter
储放铣刀时一定要竖放,铣刀上禁止摆放杂物以免发生变形。
When storing the milling cutter, it must be placed vertically. Sundries are not allowed to be placed on the milling cutter to avoid deformation.
当铣刀不锋利时,必须进行研磨,在研磨时必须由专业厂家进行,不能修改原角度。
When the milling cutter is not sharp, it must be ground. When grinding, it must be carried out by professional manufacturers, and the original angle cannot be modified.